Dr Josef Mengele, born on 16th March 1911 in Bavaria, Germany, became an SS officer and physician during the WW2 era at the Auschwitz concentration camp in 1943 – 1945. Obtaining two doctorate degrees, one in anthropology from Munich University, the other in medicine earned at Frankfurt University. Josef’s position within the concentration camp consisted of choosing which prisoners were to be sent to labour duties, and which were to be sent to their death – earning him the nickname ‘The Angel of Death’. With a fascination concerning twins and dwarfs, he frequently conducted experiments on the prisoners of his choosing.
Even after the war ended, he evaded capture by relocating to Paraguay, Buenos Aires and finally Brazil, where he presumably died in 1979. It wasn’t until 1985 that he was discovered in a grave under a false name, where the remains were exhumed and forensics had expressed their certainty it was him. In 1992, the remains were finally put through a DNA test which verified it was indeed Josef Mengele.
Below are his most twisted experiments and these are not for the faint hearted.
10. Changing Eye Colour
Heterochromia iridum, a condition where people are born with two different coloured eyes, was also a fascination of his. One experiment which he never gave up trying to succeed in, was creating his own eye colours. Separating a set of twins from the prisoners, he would use one as an original state reference and would perform experiments on the other by injecting various chemicals into their eyes while conscious. He never once managed to transform an eye colour permanently, but that didn’t stop him from trying.
In an attempt to stop Jewish women from ‘breeding’, he conducted many experiments on women of all ages, predominantly young women, using various methods. Many of the women chosen for the trials were given shock educing treatments such as electro therapy, others were the test subject of many surgical endeavours. The majority of women who were given shock therapy were rendered useless and sent to the gas chambers, those who had surgery often died on the operating table. If they were lucky enough to survive the procedure its self, they faced another battle often lost due to infections caused by their wounds.